Peanuts Superior Variety in Indonesia


Varieties of peanuts in Indonesia are very diverse, both local varieties and superior varieties. For the commonly planted superior varieties are the Spanish type characterized by 1-2 seeds. In addition, there are also peanuts with the type of Valencia is characterized 3-4 seeds. While in subtropical areas, the type of Virginia is the most widely grown. The color of Spanish ginofor is purple, and the color of the beans is rose, the pod size is moderate, with a strong stroke on the pod, the peck or the beak, and the pod shape resembles the waist.
Peanuts with the type of Valencia include varieties of Singa, Badak, Sima, and Zebra, while peanuts with Spanish type including varieties of Jerapah and Bison. Jerapah and Bison are identified to be tolerant of drought in germination and reproductive stadia. Singa, Turangga, Gajah and Landak varieties are identified tolerant to acid soils with high Al content. Varieties of Gajah, Banteng, Tapir, Kidang, Tupai, Domba, Mahesa, Panter, Kancil, Anoa, Tuban show resistant to bacterial wilt disease.
The morphological differences between peanut types determine the productivity achieved. While the different ways of cultivation also determine the potential results. For example, peanut cultivation between Indonesia and the United States shows that yield potential in subtropics is higher than tropical regions. In addition, the growing period in the subtropical region is longer (can reach 4-5 months) while in the tropics only 3.0-3.5 months.
Differences in morphology of pod size or seed size can be easily distinguished visually, big pods or big seeds are also relatively easily inherited to their offspring. The average length of elephant varieties of pods is 26.21 mm, the width of seed of Gajah variety is 5.78 mm, the weight of 10 seeds of elephant variety is 1.47 g. 
Peanuts of Bima Variety and Kancil Variety are relatively mature, It can be harvested at the age of 90-95 days. The results of Kancil varieties is 1.3-1.4 tons / hectare while the result of varieties of Bima 1.6-2.5 tons / hectare. Both of Sima and Turangga varieties can produce an average of 2 tons / hectare with harvest age of 100-110 days. The four varieties of peanuts are classified as resistant to wilt disease. Jerapah variety has average number of pods of 18.93 but it is no different from the local varieties of Sidoarjo, Kancil, Lokal Pati, Local Tuban and Local Blora, while the smallest number of pods indicated lion varieties (11.87). However, the Lions variety gives the highest wet pod yield (3.375 kg / hectare) and It is significantly different from the other varieties tested. The lowest pod result is Bison variety (1,620 kg / hectare).  

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